Effect of sophoridine on proliferation and apoptosis of human colon adenocarcinoma cells (SW620).

Liang L, Zhang X-h, Wang X-y, Chen Y, Deng H-z. Effect of sophoridine on proliferation and apoptosis of human colon adenocarcinoma cells (SW620). Zhong Guo Yao Li Xue Tong Bao. 2008, 24(6): 782-787.

Sophoridine (SRI) inhibited the growth of SW620 cells significantly in a dose-and time-dependent manner, and morphological characteristics of apoptosis were observed with condensation of the nucleus, cytoplasmic bubbling, and DNA fragmentation. A DNA ladder pattern of inter-nucleosomal fragmentation was observed. Compared with that of the control group, the percentage of the G0/G1 phase and the S phase cells increased after treatment by SRI. Apoptosis was induced in SW620 cells and underwent G0/G1 arrest with exposure to SRI as evidenced by flow cytometry results. Sophoridine could induce the inhibition of cell growth by means of apoptosis in a dose-and time-dependent manner, and cell cycle arrest at G0/G1.

Sophoridine exerts an anti-colorectal carcinoma effect through apoptosis induction in vitro and in vivos

Liang W, Wang X-Y, Zhang X-H, et al. Life Sciences. Volume 91, Issues 25–26, 17 December 2012, Pages 1295–1303
To further investigate the anti-colorectal carcinoma (CRC) effect of Sophoridine (SRI) which is a quinolizidine alkaloid extracted from a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) Sophora alopecuroides L. and detect the mechanism involved, provide some basis for the development of S. alopecuroides L.

The anti-proliferation of SRI in human colorectal cells SW480 were detected by 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide(MTT) assay. The potential mechanism of anti-proliferation was also investigated using apoptosis assays. The rate of apoptosis cells was detected also. The apoptosis-related proteins cysteinyl aspartate specific protease (caspase), caspase-3, caspase-7, caspase-9, and poly-ADP-ribose-poly-merase (PARP) were determined by western blotting analysis. In animal studies, nude mice were subcutaneously injected with SW480 cells in the armpit to establish the xenograft tumors and administrated with different drugs (control, 5-Fu, SRI H, and SRI L). The general state of health of the mice and the growth of tumors were observed and the inhibitory rate was calculated. The pathology and ultrastructure of xenograft tumors treated with SRI were observed also. SRI significantly inhibited the growth of SW480 cells, and the administration of SRI significantly inhibited the growth of xenograft tumors without apparent toxicity. SRI's mechanism of action involved the induction of apoptosis.

These results suggest that SRI produces obvious anti-tumor effects in vitro and in vivo. It supports the viability of developing SRI as a novel therapeutic prodrug for CRC treatment, as well as providing a method for identifying new anti-tumor drugs in TCM.

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