Pheophorbide a, an active component in Scutellaria barbata, reverses P-glycoprotein-mediated multidrug resistance on a human hepatoma cell line R-HepG2.
Source: Tang PM, Chan JY, Zhang DM, et al. Cancer Biol Ther. 2007 Apr;6(4):504-9.

Scutellaria barbata, a Traditional Chinese Medicine native in southern China, has been widely used for treating liver diseases. In this study, the anti-proliferative effect of Pheophorbide a (Pa), an active component from S. barbata, was examined on a multi-drug resistant (MDR) human hepatoma cell line R-HepG2.
Our study showed that Pa could significantly inhibit the growth of R-HepG2 cells with an IC50 value at 25.0 microM after 48 hours treatment. When compared with the parental HepG2 cells, Pa showed weak resistance to R-HepG2. Efflux of Pa out of R-HepG2 cells was not observed as its cellular uptake level showed no significant difference comparing with HepG2 cells. Interestingly, significant reduction of P-glycoprotein expression on Pa-treated R-HepG2 cells was found at both transcriptional and translational levels, leading to reduction of P-glycoprotein activity.
In addition, mechanistic study elucidated that Pa induced cell cycle arrest at G2/M phase and inhibited the expressions of G2/M phase cell cycle regulatory proteins, cyclin-A1 and cdc2 in a dose-dependent manner.

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